Global Monitoring with Animals

Animal sensors

The animals of our planet are constantly in motion – some may fly, swim, or migrate thousands of kilometers; others move just a few hundred metres. They all have one thing in common, however: little is known about their journeys. Icarus should change this in the next years. By increasing our knowledge about animal migration, we can learn more about the state of our planet.
The Icarus on-board computer, the first component of the global animal observatory system, has gone into space

Icarus lifts off

The Icarus on-board computer, the first component of the global animal observatory system, has gone into space [more]
Antenna model of the observation system is ready for underwater training of cosmonauts

Icarus antenna passes float test

Antenna model of the observation system is ready for underwater training of cosmonauts [more]
Without their sense of smell, lesser black-backed gulls are unable to compensate for deviations from their natural migratory corridor

Seagulls use smells to navigate

Without their sense of smell, lesser black-backed gulls are unable to compensate for deviations from their natural migratory corridor [more]
Migratory birds need less time to travel longer routes when they optimize for wind support.

Gone with the wind

Migratory birds need less time to travel longer routes when they optimize for wind support. [more]
In a baboon group, any member can set the direction - not just the highest-ranking animal

Baboons follow the majority

In a baboon group, any member can set the direction - not just the highest-ranking animal [more]
The case of Cecil shows: with the help of satellite transmitter systems, researchers can determine the cause of death of animals almost in real time

GPS transmitters can protect animals from poaching

The case of Cecil shows: with the help of satellite transmitter systems, researchers can determine the cause of death of animals almost in real time [more]